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Bénin : un projet agricole financé par la Banque africaine de développement renforce la résilience des populations dans le nord-est du pays – The Maravi Post

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Le Projet d’appui à la production vivrière et de renforcement de la résilience dans les départements de l’Alibori, du Borgou et des Collines (PAPVIRE-ABC), est en bonne voie. Il a permis une nette amélioration de la productivité agricole et des rendements, selon le rapport d’exécution et de résultats publié le 22 septembre 2021 par la Banque africaine de développement.

Mis en œuvre dans le nord-est du Bénin depuis 2015, le projet a reçu un financement de 17,8 millions de dollars américains du Programme mondial pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et la sécurité (GAFSP, l’acronyme en anglais), via la Banque africaine de développement. En six ans, il a amélioré la productivité sur plus de 35 666 hectares (119% de la cible), doublant les rendements par rapport à la situation de référence (88% de la cible finale) pour le maïs.

« Pour le riz, le niveau de réalisation de l’objectif d’augmentation des rendements est de 66% de la cible finale et cela pourrait connaître un bond important avec la mise en valeur prochaine des aménagements », poursuit le rapport de la Banque. Il précise que les travaux de réhabilitation des retenues d’eau avec des aménagements à leur aval et ceux relatifs à l’approche de haute intensité de main-d’œuvre sont achevés.

« À ces résultats, il faut ajouter également la mise à l’échelle des technologies résilientes de production au niveau des champs‑écoles paysans, qui permet de consolider ces acquis et   d’avoir plus d’impact sur la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle et la réduction de la pauvreté   dans la zone d’intervention du projet », ajoute le rapport. En outre, il souligne que la mise en place des semences de variétés performantes, la formation couplée des producteurs leaders et agents d’encadrement et le suivi-appui-conseils rapproché ont permis d’améliorer les rendements.

Ainsi, la productivité moyenne actuelle du maïs a atteint un rendement de 2 872 tonnes à l’hectare, contre 1,263 t/ha en 2016. En décembre 2022, date de clôture du projet, la cible fixée est de 3,100 t/ha. La productivité du riz a atteint 4 650 tonnes par hectare, contre 3,387 t/ha il y a cinq ans (objectif : 5 300 t/ha à la fin de 2022).

Pour les producteurs, ces performances ont un effet immédiat, par exemple sur le volume annuel de production vivrière commercialisée (84 000 tonnes, contre 4 900 tonnes environ). Les revenus de l’exploitation vivrière ont également progressé sur la période 2016-2021 (de 130 998 FCFA à 198 000 FCFA). Enfin, les revenus de l’exploitation maraîchère ont atteint 465 000 FCFA (contre 393 141 FCFA).

Par ailleurs, le projet a permis la réhabilitation de sept barrages agro-pastoraux d’un volume d’eau constitué de 600 000 m3. Les travaux de réhabilitation des retenues d’eau et d’aménagement de leur aval sont achevés et les réceptions provisoires ont été faites. Quant aux nouvelles superficies aménagées en irrigation, bas-fonds et plaines, elles sont de 883 hectares. Les nouvelles superficies aménagées et sécurisées, attribuées aux femmes, s’élèvent à 350 hectares (455 ha prévus). Enfin, le nombre de paysans formés aux technologies résilientes a dépassé la barre fixée de 25 500 pour atteindre 28 264.

« Malgré les nombreuses contraintes ayant perturbé sa mise en œuvre dès son démarrage, le projet est sur la bonne voie pour atteindre ses cibles, se félicite le rapport de la Banque africaine de développement. Le projet devra toutefois poursuivre le suivi rapproché des travaux d’aménagement ainsi que la mise à l’échelle des résultats obtenus au niveau des champs‑écoles paysans ».

« Le projet devra aussi accompagner les bénéficiaires à tirer pleinement parti des investissements, à travers notamment l’exploitation optimale des retenues d’eau et des périmètres en aval, le warrantage, les commandes et ventes groupées ainsi que la promotion de l’entreprenariat agricole », conclut le document de la Banque africaine de développement.

Source African Development Bank Group

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Emmanuel Macron scores penalty during charity football match – The Maravi Post

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French President Emmanuel Macron, who has his eye firmly on the goal of elections next year, donned his football boots and marshalled the midfield at a charity match on Thursday. After a kiss from his wife Brigitte, the 43-year-old was all smiles as he took to the pitch in Poissy outside Paris alongside former international defender Marcel Desailly and ex-Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger. Playing central midfield, Macron drew cheers from the crowd with his first touch — and was given plenty of space to turn from overawed opponents who retreated deferentially as he advanced with the ball. The fan of Marseille was also allowed to take a penalty, scoring an equaliser with a less-than-ferocious shot that the political centrist sent straight down the middle. Macron, who played football at university and is a keen tennis player, had spent the day visiting construction sites for the 2024 Paris Olympics.

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Hydroponics and Vertical Farming in Morocco and the World – The Maravi Post

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By Carter and Henry Prillaman

A vision for the future of agriculture and possible implementation in Marrakech, Morocco

Our agriculture system as we know it needs to change. We see an enormous amount of waste in current practices through using up too much water, using too many pesticides that hurt the neighboring environment as well as waste of produce through imperfection or being pest ridden. This, combined with flagging and in some cases stagnant yield increases in soil systems across the world will soon require sweeping and rapid changes in growing methods. As our population continues to grow, food production will grow and our methods of growing should change as well.

There are methods available to us today to not only change the way we grow produce for the better, but also increase yields in a smaller space. Vertical farming through hydroponics or aeroponics gives us the opportunity to grow larger amounts of produce in seemingly unavailable spaces. Rooftops, indoors, in older warehouses—you can grow plants and stack them on top of each other to farm a consistent crop that produces year-round and quickly, uses less water and energy, is more pest resistant, and can help alleviate some of the logistical trouble of transporting produce to and from farms to cities everywhere.

Cherry tomatoes being grown vertically and hydroponically in a greenhouse in Morocco.
Hydroponics and aeroponics are increasingly popular cultivation methods among both commercial growers and research scientists. They confer several advantages with the foremost of these being their water use efficiency, with some studies suggesting up to 70% and 95% less water usage for hydroponics and aeroponics, respectively. In one 2015 study conducted in Arizona, an extremely dry state in the United States, it was found that hydroponically grown lettuce required 10 times less water as a system than soil-based lettuce crops. This is particularly important based on the similarities between the climates of Arizona and Marrakech. While this study found that energy usage of a hydroponic farm was significantly higher than soil-based farms, this could be nearly completely offset by reducing the amount of supplemental lighting used in favor of currently available solar power technologies.

Another advantage of greenhouse hydroponic production is season-independence, where a grower would be able to produce several harvests year-round by shielding the crops from seasonal changes through the use of LED lighting and heating and cooling of the greenhouse space. By utilizing existing ideas for a closed-loop hydroponic system, which can be easily constructed in any area of the world, it is possible to reuse nearly all water and nutrients that are not uptaken and transpired by plants. One study conducted in Indonesia suggested the use of such a system to more actively regulate water usage and increase cost-efficiency of hydroponic production in a Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) hydroponic system. Water efficiency and full-year production and harvest are attractive, and depending on the design of the greenhouse, pest resistance can be built in as well through engineering of the facility to not be conducive to insect or microbial population accumulation.

While reusing nutrients and water can be economically and environmentally attractive (in reducing agricultural runoff, one of the main sources of pollution in the world), care must be taken to ensure consistent yield through several cycles of harvest. If not properly treated, reused nutrient solution can accumulate several phytotoxic (plant-harming) organic acids that are released from the roots of any plant in order to regulate the microbial population of its roots. Studies have shown that the use of activated charcoal can help to mitigate some of the damaging effects of these chemicals, though further research is needed to determine a commercially viable solution.

Another promising area of research in hydroponics and aeroponics is a possible disease resistance conferred by the physical stress of constant flow or aerosolization. One recent study found that in aeroponic systems, the microbial population of the roots remained almost entirely distinct from the population of the nutrient solution reservoir, suggesting very little, if any, microbial population overlap. Another recent study attempted to use a chemical intervention solution to mitigate possible E. coli contamination of lettuce crops grown in NFT systems. Though the chemical intervention was unsuccessful, a notable result was the complete lack of colonization of root tissue and no uptake of harmful bacteria into the vegetative tissues of any of the tested crops. Though these studies are recent, they suggest that hydroponics may be much more pathogen resistant than previously thought, leading to considerably lower contamination risk for hydroponic growers, and safer food for consumers.

The benefits of hydroponic and aeroponic farming are many, and emerging technologies are making the ease of access to such systems considerably lower, paving the way for a future generation of amateur and commercial growers to begin to farm in any place, at any time.

Africa has experienced wonderful agricultural and economic growth in some regions but with current methods this is not sustainable. From the “Agricultural Transformation for Sustainable and Resilient Food Systems – United States Agency for International Development (USAID)” 2021 pre-summit, there was a discussion regarding the need for change in the direction of agriculture in the future. There is a need for an increase in productivity in the land already used for agriculture, which will then lead to greater and more sustainable economic growth. Increasing productivity through new agricultural technologies would have lasting impacts on farmers, communities, and societies everywhere. From the World Bank report, “Harvesting Prosperity: Technology and Productivity Growth in Agriculture,” there is particular weight given to innovation and the need to support this innovation through connection to markets. We believe that using new hydroponic and aeroponic technology as well as vertical farming can increase productivity, foster a closer connection for city residents to their food production, and experience continued growth in the agricultural sector.

A vertical aeroponic farm in Kenya.

Across the world, we are conducting unsustainable practices and use of land for agricultural growing. The High Atlas Foundation, a foundation for the lasting and prosperous development of Morocco, has been working to address this problem. They have been following responsible procedures and using new technology to increase efficiency through primarily women and youth led campaigns. In addition, they have been working to address the problem of climate change through monitoring trees they have planted for carbon offsets. There is a necessity in not only Africa but across the world to accept and utilize new technology to help increase the productivity of the land we have, while also saving our planet. The advent of hydroponics, aeroponics, and vertical farming is a great method to try and combat the pressing issue of how we are going to grow plants when there is little water and little surface area. This gives the possibility for many methods of urban farming, including vertical and hydroponics in rooftops and many unused areas that could be used for growing.
 
We only have one world, so being good stewards and living sustainable lives is imperative. Expanding use of the technology of hydroponics and vertical farming can allow the small grower to have much stronger financial gain while also helping alleviate the burden agriculture places on the planet. There is only so much space in the world, but we can always grow up.
 
Carter Prillaman is a current junior majoring in biology at The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. Henry Prillaman is a current senior majoring in economics at The University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia.

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COL vs ECU Live Score Dream11 Prediction Lineup Kick-Off World Cup Qualifiers Colombia vs Ecuador

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World Cup Qualifiers is coming with back-to-back matches of the league and fans are going more crazy about the match. They have been watching some amazing matches since the league came into the limelight and now, another match is again ready for the fans who have been watching the matches.

COL vs ECU Live Score

There are lots of matches still left to be taken place in the ground. Well, tonight, team Colombia (COL) and team Ecuador (ECU) will face off each other on the football ground once again and fans are going more crazy for the match because of the team performance and their players.

Well, the fans are going much excited for the match and it is going to be more exciting when many more matches of the league will take place. Let us tell you that there are lots of matches is about to happen and it will be interesting to watch all the matches.

Now, we are going to discuss the match in the given below paragraph and also, we will share some updated information such as its time, date, venue, league, and many more things of the match. Keep scrolling and check out every necessary information of the match including its prediction as well.

COL vs ECU: Match Details

  • Team Names:- Colombia (COL) vs Ecuador (ECU)
  • League:- World Cup Qualifiers 2021-22
  • Venue:- Estadio Metropolitano Roberto Melendez, Colombia
  • Date:- Friday, October 15, 2021
  • Time:- 02:30 AM IST

COL vs ECU: Team Squad

Colombia (COL):- Santos Borré, Luis Sinisterra, Aldair Quintana, Camilo Vargas, Luis Díaz, Jefferson Lerma, Stefan Medina, Carlos Cuesta, Johan Mojica, John Lucumi, Roger Martínez, Yerson Candelo, Wilmar Barrios, Mateus Uribe, Yerry Mina, Éder Balanta, Davinson Sánchez, Radamel Falcao, Gustavo Cuéllar, Duván Zapata, Juan Quintero, William Tesillo, David Ospina, Daniel Muñoz, and Juan Cuadrado,

Ecuador (ECU):- Michael Estrada, Johan Padilla, Christian Noboa, Angel Mena, Jhegson Mendez, Renato Ibarra, Jhojan Julio, Romario Ibarra, Carlos Gruezo, Franklin Guerra, Jordy Alcivar, Jose Cifuentes, Diego Palacios, Alan Franco, Gonzalo Plata, Moises Caicedo, Leonardo Campana, Pervis Estupinan, Jose Carabali, Felix Torres, Alexander Dominguez, Pedro Ortiz, Mario Pineida, Angelo Preciado, Enner Valencia, Erick Ferigra, Robert Arboleda, Pedro Perlaza, Junior Sornoza, and Xavier Arreaga.

COL vs ECU: Lineups Player

Colombia (COL):- Mateus Uribe, Luis Diaz, Duvan Zapata, Radamel Falcao, Yerry Mina, Davinson Sanchez, David Ospina, Stefan Medina, Johan Mojica, Juan Fernando Quintero, and Wilmar Barrios.

Ecuador (ECU):- Moises Caicedo, Pervis Estupinan, Joao Joshimar Rojas, Gonzalo Plata, Enner Valencia, Angelo Preciado, Alexander Dominguez, Bryan Angulo, and Robert Arboleda, Fernando Leon, and Piero Hincapie.

COL vs ECU: Match Prediction

Now, the watchers are excited to watch this amazing match of the league and it will be amazing to watch this match on the football ground. You can also watch the live streaming of the match online. Team ECU is standing on the 3rd position with 5 winnings match out of 11 matches.

On the other side, team COL is standing in the 5th position with 3 matches out of 11 matches. According to the sources, team ECU has more chances to win this match.



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