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Malawi Human Rights dares Chakwera’s Tonse on high cost of living – The Maravi Post

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MZUZU-(MaraviPost)-Malawi Human Rights Commission (MHRC) has called upon President Lazarus Chakwera’s Tonse government to improve people’s rights and living conditions.

In a statement released today Novermber 23, 2021, the human rights body says in the past few months there has been a sharp rise in prices of fuel and basic commodities such as cooking oil which has gone up by 75 percent, water which has risen by 52 percent and the introduction of 15 percent Value Added Tax (VAT) for non-
banking services.

Shortage of drugs in public hospitals; a slow pace in recruitment of teachers in public schools are developments which have had a negative effect on the peoples’ enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights including vulnerable poor, rural women and persons with disabilities.

The statement further says Section 30(4) of the Constitution of Malawi provides that the state has the responsibility to respect the right to development and to justify its policies in accordance with this responsibility to respect the right to development.

The Commission indicates that while it welcomes the progressive broadening of the tax base by government in order to ensure that it generates adequate revenue to finance various public services, such measures should also take into account the existing worsening socio-economic conditions of the majority of Malawians who are struggling to cope with high cost of living.

There is also need for government to strike a good balance between broadening tax base and creating a conducive socio-economic environment for all where reduction of poverty and wealth creation is not just a rhetoric but is evidenced by action and realistic action.

MHRC, therefore, urges government to provide a clear strategy on how it intends to address the problem of high cost living and supply chain; as it is in line with Article 2(1) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which requires States to demonstrate the state is making every effort to improve the enjoyment of Economic, social and cultural rights even when resources are scarce.

The Commission also stresses that in this economic crisis, government has to ensure that it remains committed to human rights obligation that will foster protection of people’s rights and equal opportunities.

Lately, Malawians have expressed dissatisfaction with the current Tonse administration, saying it is not living its campaign process as people’s cost of living is skyrocketing everyday.

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Tuberculosis deaths rise for the first time in more than a decade due to the COVID-19 pandemic – The Maravi Post

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The COVID-19 pandemic has reversed years of global progress in tackling tuberculosis and for the first time in over a decade, TB deaths have increased, according to the World Health Organization’s 2021 Global TB report.

In 2020, more people died from TB, with far fewer people being diagnosed and treated or provided with TB preventive treatment compared with 2019, and overall spending on essential TB services falling.

The first challenge is disruption in access to TB services and a reduction in resources. In many countries, human, financial and other resources have been reallocated from tackling TB to the COVID-19 response, limiting the availability of essential services.

The second is that people have struggled to seek care in the context of lockdowns.

“This report confirms our fears that the disruption of essential health services due to the pandemic could start to unravel years of progress against tuberculosis,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “This is alarming news that must serve as a global wake-up call to the urgent need for investments and innovation to close the gaps in diagnosis, treatment and care for the millions of people affected by this ancient but preventable and treatable disease.”

TB services are among many others disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, but the impact on TB has been particularly severe.

For example, approximately, 1.5 million people died from TB in 2020 (including 214 000 among HIV positive people).

The increase in the number of TB deaths occurred mainly in the 30 countries with the highest burden of TB[1]. WHO modelling projections suggest the number of people developing TB and dying from the disease could be much higher in 2021 and 2022.

Challenges with providing and accessing essential TB services have meant that many people with TB were not diagnosed in 2020. The number of people newly diagnosed with TB and those reported to national governments fell from 7.1 million in 2019 to 5.8 million in 2020.

WHO estimates that some 4.1 million people currently suffer from TB but have not been diagnosed with the disease or have not officially reported to national authorities. This figure is up from 2.9 million in 2019.

The countries that contributed most to the global reduction in TB notifications between 2019 and 2020 were India (41%), Indonesia (14%), the Philippines (12%) and China (8%). These and 12 other countries accounted for 93% of the total global drop in notifications.

There was also a reduction in provision of TB preventive treatment. Some 2.8 million people accessed this in 2020, a 21% reduction since 2019.  In addition, the number of people treated for drug-resistant TB fell by 15%, from 177 000 in 2019 to 150 000 in 2020, equivalent to only about 1 in 3 of those in need.

Global investment for TB falls

Funding in the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that account for 98% of reported TB cases remains a challenge. Of the total funding available in 2020, 81% came from domestic sources, with the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa) accounting for 65% of total domestic funding.

The largest bilateral donor is the Government of the United States of America. The biggest international donor is the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

The report notes a fall in global spending on TB diagnostic, treatment and prevention services, from US$ 5.8 billion to US$ 5.3 billion, which is less than half of the global target for fully funding the TB response of US$ 13 billion annually by 2022.  

Meanwhile, although there is progress in the development of new TB diagnostics, drugs and vaccines, this is constrained by the overall level of R&D investment, which at US$ 0.9 billion in 2019 falls far short of the global target of US$ 2 billion per year.

Global TB targets off track

Reversals in progress mean that the global TB targets are off track and appear increasingly out of reach, however there are some successes.  Globally, the reduction in the number of TB deaths between 2015 and 2020 was only 9.2% – about one quarter of the way to the 2020 milestone of 35%.

Globally, the number of people falling ill with TB each year (relative to population) dropped 11% from 2015 to 2020, just over half-way to the 2020 milestone of 20%.

However, the WHO European Region exceeded the 2020 milestone, with a reduction of 25%. This was mostly driven by the decline in the Russian Federation, where incidence fell by 6% per year between 2010 to 2020. The WHO African Region came close to reaching the milestone, with a reduction of 19%, which reflects impressive reductions of 4–10% per year in South Africa and  several other countries in southern Africa, following a peak in the HIV epidemic and the expansion of TB and HIV prevention and care.  

“We have just one year left to reach the historic 2022 TB targets committed by Heads of State at the first UN High Level Meeting on TB. The report provides important information and a strong reminder to countries to urgently fast-track their TB responses and save lives,” said Dr Tereza Kasaeva, Director of WHO’s Global TB Programme. “This will be crucial as preparations begin for the 2nd UN High Level Meeting on TB mandated for 2023.”

The report calls on countries to put in place urgent measures to restore access to essential TB services. It further calls for a doubling of investments in TB research and innovation as well as concerted action across the health sector and others to address the social, environmental and economic determinants of TB and its consequences.

The new report features data on disease trends and the response to the epidemic from 197 countries and areas, including 182 of the 194 World Health Organization (WHO) Member States.

 

Note to the editor

Since the declaration of COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern, WHO’s Global TB Programme has monitored the impact of the pandemic on TB services and provided guidance and support.

Global targets

In 2014 and 2015, all Member States of WHO and the UN adopted the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and WHO’s End TB Strategy. The SDGs and End TB Strategy both include targets and milestones for large reductions in TB incidence, TB deaths and costs faced by TB patients and their households.

The WHO End TB Strategy aims for a 90 per cent reduction in TB deaths and an 80 per cent reduction in the TB incidence rate by 2030, compared to the 2015 baseline. Milestones for 2020 include a 20% reduction in the TB incidence rate and a 35% reduction in TB deaths.

The UN Political Declaration on TB also included 4 new targets for the period 2018-2022:

  • Treat 40 million people for TB disease
  • Reach at least 30 million people with TB preventive treatment for a latent TB infection
  • Mobilize at least US$13 billion annually for universal access to TB diagnosis, treatment and care
  • Mobilize at least US$2 billion annually for TB research

TB facts

Tuberculosis (TB), the second (after COVID- 19) deadliest infectious killer, is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. It can spread when people who are sick with TB expel bacteria into the air – for example, by coughing.

Approximately 90 percent of those who fall sick with TB each year live in 30 countries. Most people who develop the disease are adults –in 2020 – men accounted for 56% of all TB cases, adult women accounted for 33% and children for 11%. Many new cases of TB are attributable to five risk factors: undernutrition, HIV infection, alcohol use disorders, smoking and diabetes.

TB is preventable and curable. About 85% of people who develop TB disease can be successfully treated with a 6-month drug regimen; treatment has the added benefit of curtailing onward transmission of infection.

[1] 30 countries with the highest burden of TB include: Angola, Bangladesh, Brazil, Central African Republic, China, Congo, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam and Zambia.

Sourced from WHO

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DER vs QPR Dream11 Prediction Live Score Lineup Kick-Off Championship Arsenal Tula vs Lokomotiv Moscow

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If you are looking for a very interesting football square off then we have good news for you. According to the details, the upcoming match is all set to be played between the most amazing and fabulous teams in the league.

DER vs QPR

If you do not know about the team then we want to tell you that the game will be played between DER vs QPR. The match will be starting on November 30, 2021, at 01:15 AM IST. Here are the various details available such as match prediction, probable lineup and live score as well.

Match: DER vs QPR
League: Championship
Date: November 30, 2021
Time: 01:15 AM IST
Venue: Pride Park Stadium, England

In the recent matches, we have noticed a brilliant performance. According to the details, the team DER has played several games and they have won many games. There are many things which will become the reason behind its upcoming winning in the latest match.

Currently, they are standing at a good level. While on the other side, if we talk about the team QPR then we want to explore details that you will be able to watch the interesting in the upcoming match also. The team has won many games and it will continue to win the latest matches with good performance. Now we going to talk about the lineups which are important to know and you will know the many more things here.

Arsenal Tula: Roos(GK), Byrne, Davies, Jagielka, Forsyth; Shinnie, Thompson, Bird; Knight, Kazim-Richards, Lawrence

Lokomotiv Moscow: Dieng(GK), Dickie, Dunne, Barbet; Adomah, Amos, Johansen, Wallace; Chair, Willock; Austin

As we supposing you are curious to know the many more details about the upcoming football match. As we observed the previous performance of the teams that’s why we want to tell you that the team DER will win the match with an amazing score.

There is a huge possibility that you will see massive gameplay in the upcoming days. Also if you want to get the live score updates then you will see the updates here. For further updates, you can bookmark the details in your browser. Definitely, you will get the remaining information soon on the same page.



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CL vs CER Live Score Dream11 Prediction Lineup Polish Volleyball League Cuprum Lubin vs Cerrad Enea Czarni Radom

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We are ready to watch a very fierce battle between Cuprum Lubin (CL) and Cerrad Enea Czarni Radom (CER). The teams are playing under Polish Volleyball League and it is actually going on very well. All the teams in the league are giving their best performance to each other and making the entire tournament highly anticipated for the viewers to watch.

CL vs CER Live

We are very eagerly waiting to watch the upcoming match in which two superb teams are going to play against each other. We are providing CL vs CER Dream11 Prediction here. You will get all the updates on time without any hesitation on our website.

CL vs CER Live Score

  • Match: Cuprum Lubin (CL) vs Cerrad Enea Czarni Radom (CER), Polish Volleyball League
  • Venue: Poland
  • Date and Time: Tuesday, 30th November 2021, 01:00 AM IST

Talking about the performance of the teams, Cuprum Lubin (CL) actually gave their best to maintain the position on the points table. The team standing in the 10th position on the points table. So far, the team has played 8 matches in the tournament in which they win 2 matches and lost 6 battles. It will be actually very interesting to watch what will happen next in the ensuing match.

On this side, Cerrad Enea Czarni Radom (CER) is also ready to make the entire match highly anticipated for the watchers. The team stands in the 13th position on the points table. The position is not very good for the team as they are just one step above the last position. The team has played 8 matches in which they win 2 matches and lost 6 matches. It will be interesting to watch who will win in the upcoming match.

CL vs CER: Lineups Player

Cuprum Lubin (CL):- Matheus Winck, Felipe Cundlev, Rogerio Batista, Guilherme Alexandre, Raphael Marcarini, and Adriano Xavier.

Cerrad Enea Czarni Radom (CER):- Ian Refuno, Sandro Carvalho, Geovane Kuhnen, Tiago Barth. Henrique Adami, and Pedro Santos.

Talking about the winning probability of the team, Cuprum Lubin (CL) has more chances to win the upcoming battle. The team is already giving a very brilliant performance to all the competitors in the current league.

Many people are continuously searching to know CL vs CER Live Scores that help everyone to know more information related to the live results during the match. So, you just need to stay connected with us to know all the information related to the match on time.



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