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Antimicrobial effectiveness leaning to ‘tipping point’ resistance – FAO  – The Maravi Post

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The wide use of antibiotics and other antimicrobials has led to growing resistance to their effectiveness.

It is estimated that each year, 700,000 people die from AMR-related causes and FAO Chief Veterinary Officer Keith Sumption said that if no actions are taken, the annual tally could soar to some 10 million by 2050. 

HIV drug resistance

The warning comes as the World Health Organization’s (WHO) latest HIV Drug Resistance Report revealed that in 2020, 64 per cent of countries with a high burden of HIV infection had national action plans to prevent, monitor and respond to HIV drug resistance.

The report noted however, that an increasing number of countries are approaching the 10 per cent resistance threshold to pretreatment HIV drugs, which, when reached, must urgently change first-line HIV treatment.

The report also found that people who have had previous exposure to antiretroviral drugs are three times more likely to resist them.

Based on recent surveys conducted in 10 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, nearly half of newly diagnosed infants with HIV carry drug-resistant HIV before initiating treatment. 

Moreover, the report indicated that the number of countries achieving high levels of viral suppression increased from 33 per cent in 2017 to 80 per cent in 2020.

However, it also emphasized the need for routine viral load monitoring to respond to HIV drug resistance. 

Preserving AMR

Minimizing the spread of HIV drug resistance is a critical aspect of the broader global response to antimicrobial resistance, WHO said.

Based on his doctoral research in southern Africa, Dr. Sumpton concluded that to mitigate and contain the risks of these drugs, clear alternatives were need for livestock and crop producers, including “good animal hygiene and management”.

Other options, such as enhanced animal nutrition, was also advised.

“It’s similar with crops”, he said. “Much can be achieved with good soils, good genetic selection and good seeds…[and] reducing the use of antimicrobials in crop protection, notably with rice, tomatoes and citrus”.

Higher-income countries could help less developed ones take a more “progressive approach” to crop protection while providing resources to encourage farm-level biosafety and biosecurity.

The use of alternatives to antibiotics such as vaccination, probiotics and prebiotics in feed, may reduce the likelihood of AMR.

“The goal is not to eliminate antimicrobials – but to preserve their utility”, said Dr. Sumption.
UN Health News

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Immunology professor talks about the new coronavirus variant – The Maravi Post

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Passengers at Johannesburg’s O.R Tambo airport scrambled this Saturday to find flights to Europe as more and more countries are shutting doors to passengers coming from African countries.

The emergence of the new coronavirus Omicron variant in South Africa sparked a worldwide reaction.

Professor of Immunology Danny Altmann explains.

“I know it feels very harsh to people in South Africa who have really done the right thing and been terribly speedy and vigilant in their reporting. But I just feel that we were so slow to act on Delta and the whole world paid such a high price for it. Let’s try and be forewarned and do it properly this time. So, I think it probably is warranted”, said the academic working at Imperial College London.

Last minute PCR tests are now mandatory.

The UK-based professor believes that vaccination still offers protection against the worst effects of this disease.

“I think it’s a case of kind of hope for the best and fear the worst, isn’t it? So in some ways, if you look at the straight molecular biology limitations, it looks potentially quite a lot scarier even than Delta. And don’t forget, we thought of Delta. I certainly thought Delta as a peak variant, and probably it couldn’t get much worse than that. This looks potentially worse. On the other hand, there’s no reporting from South Africa yet that cases are more severe, and it looks like vaccines may still be doing something because we heard there yesterday that the people in hospital tended to be the unvaccinated people rather than the vaccinated”, said Professor Altmann.

In Africa vaccination rates are significantly lower compared to Europe, the United States and other regions.

According to Professor Altmann, distribution of vaccines throughout Africa is essential to stop future variants.

“You know, in this particular case, if it did come out of Botswana and or South Africa, there has been quite a lot of vaccine available there. But as you say in the African continent as a whole, they’ve been very short of vaccines compared to Europe or North America. And things like this demonstrate how foolhardy that is. We’re just breeding the future variants to come and haunt us. Why do it?”

The latest available data indicate that South Africa has registered almost 3 million cases of Covid-19 and close to 90,000 deaths.

Source: Africanews

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Hawkeye Marvel Movie 2021 Release Date, Where To Watch Online Streaming on Disney+ Hotstar

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The ‘Hawkeye’ is the latest release which is in the limelight because of the story. As per the details, the stream of this film is available on several platforms that we going to discuss here. After the release of ‘Hawkeye’, there are many peoples who waiting for it.

Hawkeye’ 2021 Online Free

We can tell the way from which you will be able to watch the streaming of this brilliant movie. So let’s begin the article which is important to know and you will get all the details. We will explore all the things and solve your queries regarding ‘Hawkeye’ streaming.

Hawkeye Marvel Movie 2021 Release Date

Talking about the cast then we want to tell you some information. There are many things. There are several names of star cast which is definitely important to be discussed and we will tell you briefly about it. This star cast will become the reason behind its upcoming popularity. If you want to know the details then you will see an amazing level of popularity in the upcoming days.

  • Jeremy Renner as Clint Barton / Hawkeye
  • Hailee Steinfeld as Kate Bishop / Hawkeye
  • Vera Farmiga as Eleanor Bishop
  • Fra Fee as Kazi
  • Tony Dalton as Jack Duquesne
  • Zahn McClarnon as William Lopez
  • Alaqua Cox as Maya Lopez / Echo
  • Florence Pugh as Yelena Belova / Black Widow
  • How many episodes is Hawkeye?
  • Hawkeye consists of six episodes.

The film was released and on the official platform of the movies. It got an amazing level of popularity over the period of time. After the release, there are many fans appear who eagerly want to watch the story on their screen. Currently, it is getting such huge popularity over the period of time. Definitely you check on IMDB.

Now comes the very important detail which is about how to watch the live stream of the movies. So on the basis of available details, you can watch the streaming on Amazon prime video.

Also, you can rate the movie and share your feedback regarding the entertainment how much enjoyed it. However, if you want to watch it for free then must be you can bookmark the page in your browser. So stay tuned with us and get all the details.



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Infinix Note 11S & Zero 5G Launch Soon in India Check Price, Specification and Features, Images

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The Hong-Kong based smartphone company, Infinix is all set to appear with two new smartphones in the Indian market soon. There are some expectations that the smartphone company is going to launch two new smartphones in the Indian smartphone market – Infinix Note 11S and there are some speculations that the next 5G smartphone of the company is Zero 5G that will also be launched in the Indian market.

infinix note 11s

According to the sources, the Infinix Note 11S has already made its launching in Thailand. The smartphone is powered by the MediaTek Helio G96 SoC and the same processors that give power the Note 11 series.

Infinix Note 11S & Zero 5G Launch Soon in India

CEO of Infinix, Anish Kapoor teased the launching of the Note 11S on Twitter. He wrote,” The World is a battlefield, it’s time to #ChooseYourWeapon and own the game! For all the gamers in the house, get ready because there is something special coming soon”. Along with this, he also provided some glimpses of the Infinix Note 11S on Twitter.

Along with the Note 11S, there are some speculations that the Infinix Zero 5G is also ready to launch in India soon. A well-known tipster named Tech Arena24 gave the name on Youtube after spotting the smartphone with model number X61815 and it could be called Infinix Zero 5G.

Some expectations are revealing that the smartphone will have a Super AMOLED display with a 120Hz refresh rate and be powered by MediaTek Dimensity 900 chipset. So, let’s talk more about that smartphone.

Infinix Note 11S: Specification and Features

As per the sources, the Infinix Note 11S comes with a 6.95-inch IPS LCD display with a high refresh rate of 120Hz and 180Hz touch sampling rate. Along with this, the Infinix Note 11S is also powered by the MediaTek Helio G96 SoC paired that paired with 8GB of RAM and has a storage of 128GB. It runs on an Android 11 with an XOS 10 skin on the top.

With all of this, the smartphone has features of a triple camera including a 50-megapixel, a 2-megapixel, and a 2-megapixel depth sensor. There is a punch-hole display on the top of the screen in which, a 16-megapixel camera is fitted.

If we talk about the connectivity option of the smartphone so, it comes with a 4G, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, GPS, a USB Type-C, 3.5mm headphone jack, and many more. There is a side-mounted fingerprint sensor in the smartphone with a microSD card to expand the storage including a 5000mAh battery that supports 33W fast charging.

Infinix Note 11S: Price in India

Well, the Infinix Note 11S has been launched in Thailand at THB 6,999 (roughly Rs. 15,700) for the 8GB RAM and 128GB of storage. Along with this, the smartphone will available in Haze Green, Symphony Cyan, and Mithril Gray option.



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