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From 30 million cases to zero: China is certified malaria-free by WHO – The Maravi Post

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Following a 70-year effort, China has been awarded a malaria-free certification from WHO – a notable feat for a country that reported 30 million cases of the disease annually in the 1940s.

“Today we congratulate the people of China on ridding the country of malaria,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “Their success was hard-earned and came only after decades of targeted and sustained action. With this announcement, China joins the growing number of countries that are showing the world that a malaria-free future is a viable goal.”

China is the first country in the WHO Western Pacific Region to be awarded a malaria-free certification in more than 3 decades. Other countries in the region that have achieved this status include Australia (1981), Singapore (1982) and Brunei Darussalam (1987).

“Congratulations to China on eliminating malaria,” said Dr Takeshi Kasai, Regional Director, WHO Western Pacific Regional Office. “China’s tireless effort to achieve this important milestone demonstrates how strong political commitment and strengthening national health systems can result in eliminating a disease that once was a major public health problem. China’s achievement takes us one step closer towards the vision of a malaria-free Western Pacific Region.”

Globally, 40 countries and territories have been granted a malaria-free certification from WHO – including, most recently, El Salvador (2021), Algeria (2019), Argentina (2019), Paraguay (2018) and Uzbekistan (2018).

China’s elimination journey

Beginning in the 1950s, health authorities in China worked to locate and stop the spread of malaria by providing preventive antimalarial medicines for people at risk of the disease as well as treatment for those who had fallen ill. The country also made a major effort to reduce mosquito breeding grounds and stepped up the use of insecticide spraying in homes in some areas.

In 1967, the Chinese Government launched the “523 Project” – a nation-wide research programme aimed at finding new treatments for malaria. This effort, involving more than 500 scientists from 60 institutions, led to the discovery in the 1970s of artemisinin – the core compound of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), the most effective antimalarial drugs available today.

“Over many decades, China’s ability to think outside the box served the country well in its own response to malaria, and also had a significant ripple effect globally,” notes Dr Pedro Alonso, Director of the WHO Global Malaria Programme. “The Government and its people were always searching for new and innovative ways to accelerate the pace of progress towards elimination.”

In the 1980s, China was one of the first countries in the world to extensively test the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) for the prevention of malaria, well before nets were recommended by WHO for malaria control. By 1988, more than 2.4 million nets had been distributed nation-wide. The use of such nets led to substantial reductions in malaria incidence in the areas where they were deployed.   

By the end of 1990, the number of malaria cases in China had plummeted to 117 000, and deaths were reduced by 95%. With support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, beginning in 2003, China stepped up training, staffing, laboratory equipment, medicines and mosquito control, an effort that led to a further reduction in cases; within 10 years, the number of cases had fallen to about 5000 annually.

In 2020, after reporting 4 consecutive years of zero indigenous cases, China applied for an official WHO certification of malaria elimination. Members of the independent Malaria Elimination Certification Panel travelled to China in May 2021 to verify the country’s malaria-free status as well as its programme to prevent re-establishment of the disease.

Keys to success

China provides a basic public health service package for its residents free of charge. As part of this package, all people in China have access to affordable services for the diagnosis and treatment of malaria, regardless of legal or financial status.

Effective multi-sector collaboration was also key to success. In 2010, 13 ministries in China – including those representing health, education, finance, research and science, development, public security, the army, police, commerce, industry and information technology, customs, media and tourism – joined forces to end malaria nationwide.

In recent years, the country further reduced its malaria caseload through a strict adherence to the timelines of the “1-3-7” strategy. The “1” signifies the one-day deadline for health facilities to report a malaria diagnosis; by the end of day 3, health authorities are required to confirm a case and determine the risk of spread; and, within 7 days, appropriate measures must be taken to prevent further spread of the disease.

Keeping malaria at bay

The risk of imported cases of malaria remains a key concern, particularly in southern Yunnan Province, which borders 3 malaria-endemic countries: Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Viet Nam. China also faces the challenge of imported cases among Chinese nationals returning from sub-Saharan Africa and other malaria-endemic regions.

To prevent re-establishment of the disease, the country has stepped up its malaria surveillance in at-risk zones and has engaged actively in regional malaria control initiatives. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, China has maintained trainings for health providers through an online platform and held virtual meetings for the exchange of information on malaria case investigations, among other topics.

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Note to the editor

WHO malaria-free certification

Certification of malaria elimination is the official recognition by WHO of a country’s malaria-free status. WHO grants the certification when a country has demonstrated –with rigorous, credible evidence – that the chain of indigenous malaria transmission by Anopheles mosquitoes has been interrupted nationwide for at least the past three consecutive years.  A country must also demonstrate the capacity to prevent the re-establishment of transmission.

The final decision on awarding a malaria-free certification rests with the WHO Director-General, based on a recommendation by the independent Malaria Elimination Certification Panel (MECP). For more on WHO’s malaria-free certification process, visit this link.

Virtual forum: “From 30 million cases to zero:  China creates a malaria-free future”

On 2 July, representatives from China’s National Health Commission and frontline health workers will join malaria programme managers from other regions, WHO experts and global partners in a virtual forum to share reflections and perspectives on China’s malaria elimination journey. Discussions will be in English with simultaneous interpretation provided in Chinese, French and Spanish. To register for the webinar, visit this link.

Sourced from WHO

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Aung San Suu Kyi: Myanmar Court Sentences Ousted Leader To Four Year Jail Term

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Once again, Myanmar Leader Aung San Suu Kyi is remaining the subject of discussion among the people as soon as her arresting news occupied the entire social media. Now everyone is paying attention that what is the cause of her four years sentence behind the bars. Approximately 11 charges have been registered on her made due to which, she has been detained by the concerned department but she is denying to accept her flaws, it includes encouraging dissent and breaking the protocols of the novel virus has taken a new variant in the country and spreading massively.

Aung San Suu Kyi: Myanmar's Leader Sentenced To Four Years Jail Term

As per the exclusive reports, Aung San Sunn Kyi has been taken into custody under section 505 (B) along with two years imprisonment under Natural Disaster Law. Previous to this, she has faced house arresting since February 2021, but now again she came into the limelight while breaking the protocols of the novel virus because of which, she has been sent behind the bars for around 6 years. On this day, the co-defendant & ex-president and National League for Democracy “Win Myint” also had been detained by the concerned department for some exploits, but this time Aung San Suu Kyi hit the headlines all over the internet sites.

Aung San Suu Kyi Sentenced To Jail By Myanmar Court

If the recent reports are to be considered, So the Myanmar Leader has been charged included corruption and violating the official acts. During the investigation, some unknown facts came to the fore related to Aung Saan Suu Kyi as she was involved in the electoral fraud last year. Although the election commission later said that everything had been sorted out and elections were fair enough, nothing has happened, and if some flaws were reported so they have been removed by the concerned authority. But just in a small time period she again came into the limelight due to such exploit.

It is being said that she is struggling so they should make everyone aware of her recent circumstances, even the newly established National Unity Government’s spokesperson said, that the Leader who was recently detained is not well enough as she has ordered to face her sentence regarding the 104 days now. Meanwhile, he said that everyone who is involved in the investigations wants her to die behind the bars. These pieces of details have been derived from the other sources, so whenever we will get more we will update you for sure so stay connected with us.

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Bill Staines Cause Of Death: How Did ‘Giant Of The Folk Music’ Bill Staines Die?

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A piece of news has brought a flood of wishes on social media after it came into view that the legendary American musician Bill Staines has died at the age of 74. The sad news has wet millions of eyes and everyone is now delivering tributes on social media where everyone across the globe is showing their love and respect towards the personality. Well, no doubt this is one of the saddest news of the day for those who are fond of listening to American folk music.

Bill Staines Cause Of Death: How Did 'Giant Of The Folk Music' Bill Staines Die?

Born on February 6, 1947, in Medford, Massachusetts, United States the famous American folk musician and singer-songwriter from New Hampshire, wrote and performed songs with a wide array of subjects has left the world suddenly on the 5th of December 2021 at the age of 74. Undoubtedly, the sudden demise of musicians has left millions of people grieving. Today, when he is not on the earth people, are delivering tributes on social media keeping his folk songs in their minds and cells.

Who Was Bill Staines?

There is no doubt that he will be missed always because the way he used to play with guitar and slew his listeners is not a cup of tea for so many singers even now, after all, he used to re-present American folk music that seems to disappear nowadays. However, his every single song used to force people to groove and vibe on his songs but when it comes to talking about the main point when the scene was turned by him was when he started tour nationwide in 1975 and then he got an immense popularity post which people started to chant his name whenever some talks took place about folk music of America.

In his life, Bill Staines recorded more than 30 songs along with 10 mind-blowing music albums that are except for his discography so as per this record you can take the idea about the work he has done before leaving the planet. Many of the big celebs and musicians are delivering tributes on his death and millions of people across the nation are mourning his death.

Our deepest condolences are with his family and fans as well, may his soul rest in peace. No doubt he will be missed and his songs will not let him die because you must have heard that line which says that art never dies and the same thing is happening today because only he left the world but his songs will keep forcing people to get slew.

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Who Is Vivalabadchick Aka Katt Leya? Why Is She Trending? Check Instagram Bio Age

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Amidst so many trending names a name has been circulating on the internet and undoubtedly netizens are getting keen to know about her real name Instagram account and some other HD viral videos. Well, you must be in the swim about the name that we are talking about the very adorable lady who online goes by Vivalabadchick and is also known as Katt Leya, at this moment you must think that you have the name so you can easily find her but let us let you know that it is not the reality.

Who Is Vivalabadchick Aka Katt Leya? Why Is She Trending? Check Instagram Bio Age

Well, the lady named Vivalabadchick online is one of the famous Instagram influencers who recently got immense popularity on the internet. So, shooting your excitement down we would love to tell you that she goes online on IG by username @Vivalbadchick where her name is trillionaire heiress. However, by this name, you will find 4 IG accounts but her real account is not public so if you press the follow button so you would have to wait to see her pics on her official account but some of the pics are available on her other fake accounts where you can see the glimpse of her.

Who Is Vivalabadchick Aka Katt Leya?

As her account is private so you must think that she won’t have a huge fan base but you will be shocked to know that she is having more than 49k followers on her IG. However, you must say for once that what is the big deal in it like if she is having a huge fan base so why she is grabbing the headlines after all there are so many people on social media who are having a huge fan following, so just to shooting your curiosity down we would like to tell you that she having more than 49k followers on IG just by her 92 posts and it makes a huge deal and when it comes to talking about her twitter so there she is having more than 80.4k followers and that too when she does not follow any single one.

If you hardly use Instagram and love to scroll on Twitter so she is also available there and there she goes by Katt Leya where she shares her other stories. Well, before you get keener to know about her we are sad to tell you one thing that no more updates are available on social media about her but as you all know that we jump the gun just to keep you updated so there is no need to be worried because we will let you know about her and that in brief soon but for that, all you have to do is keep patience and hold your horses, so just stay tuned with us to catch all the latest updates on her.

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